Chandigarh city was born after independence in 1947. After the partition of the Indian subcontinent, Lahore, which was the capital of undivided Punjab, went to Pakistan. As a result, East Punjab was left without a capital. Thereby, the decision to plan and build the city of Chandigarh at a distance of 240 km north of New Delhi was made.
Terrain of Chandigarh
This city was located in the foothills of the Shivalik mountain range and had a gentle sloping terrain. Two seasonal rivulets were flowing on two sides of the city which were 7-8 km apart. The altitude of Chandigarh ranges from 304.8 to 365.76 metres above sea level.
Need for Chandigarh
The new city of Chandigarh was required not just to serve as a capital, but also to help resettle all those who had been forced to vacate West Punjab. Development of this city was enthusiastically supported by Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister. Soon it became a city that symbolised free India and expressed the country’s faith in the future.
Chandigarh was recognised as a Union Territory on November 1 1966. Its name was coined after goddess of power ‘Chandi.’ The temple of Chandimandu soon became a feature of this new city. Three architects are credited for major buildings in Chandigarh.