Blue Pottery is synonymous with Jaipur. A stunning Blue dye is used to create the eye-catching colour of this traditional art that traces its origins partly to Turkey and Persia.
The technique of using Blue glaze on pottery was first introduced by Mongol artisans who practiced combining Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. During the Turkish conquests of the 14th century, this technique arrived in India and was used to make decorative tiles in mosques, tombs and palaces. Following the Mughal conquests, the Blue glaze technique was re-introduced as being more than just an architectural accessory and soon made its way to Indian potters.
Ironically, in spite of being called ‘Pottery’, no clay is used in Blue Pottery. Instead a ‘dough’ is created using proportions of quartz stone, powdered glass, fullers earth, borax, gum and water. Once shaped into the desired object (mostly ashtrays, vases, coasters, small bowls and trinket boxes), the creation is glazed and low-fired. This low-firing is what makes Blue Pottery more fragile than other pottery forms. The pottery is usually semi-transparent and etched with animal and bird motifs with a colour palette of Blue, Green and White.
In modern India, Blue Pottery has gained recognition as the traditional craft of Jaipur and is a source of livelihood for many people in the state.