Daman and Diu - separated by a distance of 670 km - is another former colony of a European power, the stamp of which can be found in the local culture. This union territory neighboring Goa was separated from it only in 1987 when the latter achieved the status of a separate state.
Daman and Diu's culture is heavily influenced by its Portuguese heritage. It was annexed into the Republic of India only in 1961.
Historically, Daman was believed to be a part of the Mauryan Empire and has also been ruled by dynasties like the Chalukyas, Kolis and the Rajputs. English is a common language here but the territory is also home to other languages like Gujarati, Marathi and Hindi. Konkani and its different dialects are also widely spoken. Diu was also captured by the Mauryans, the Indo-Greek king Eukratides, Meanandar and Appollodotes II, Vajas and the Muslim Sultans of Gujarat. Diu was conquered in 1535 by the Portuguese.